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The Ultimate Skincare Ingredients Guide

Supercharge your ingredient know-how to look lit-from-within

In an ideal world, we’d get eight hours of beauty sleep, drink enough water and have a clear, radiant complexion. Let’s be real though, we’d consider ourselves lucky if we’re getting six hours of sleep or if we’re not breaking out during that time of the month. Having bad lifestyle habits results...

In an ideal world, we’d get eight hours of beauty sleep, drink enough water and have a clear, radiant complexion. Let’s be real though, we’d consider ourselves lucky if we’re getting six hours of sleep or if we’re not breaking out during that time of the month. Having bad lifestyle habits results in fatigued skin that can take on a gray pallor or look sallow. Look for products with these tried-and-tested ingredients and read on to find out how you can go from dull to glowy, plump skin.

HYALURONIC ACID - An ingredient that’s also found naturally in the human body, this little wonder reduces inflammation and helps maintain skin’s moisture and elasticity. A moisture magnet, hyaluronic acid can hold 1000 times its weight in water. It works as a lubricant (for joints) and encourages cell renewal. When used in skincare, hyaluronic acid works wonderfully as a moisturiser. It is an excellent humectant, which means it traps moisture and keeps skin hydrated for longer. Adding a hyaluronic acid product to your routine helps your skin regain suppleness, visibly improving the look of fine lines and wrinkles. Hydrated skin = healthy, glowing skin. Benefits: Creates a moisture barrier for softer skin, hydrates and smoothes, won't clog pores so it is suitable for all skin types

VITAMIN C - Commonly found in citrus fruits, Vitamin C is a powerhouse antioxidant that stimulates collagen production to perk up dull complexions and slow the signs of ageing. Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant with multiple benefits. It encourages collagen production, regulates melanin production and protects against free radical damage. It’s best used in the morning, as it boosts the sun protection properties of your sunscreen. Benefits: Brightens and evens skin tone, stimulates collagen production for firmer-looking skin, protects skin from environmental damage.

PEPTIDES - Peptides are made of amino acids, which are the building blocks of protein. Peptides are “building blocks” and are closely related to proteins. They encourage skin healing and elasticity by stimulating the skin. When used in skincare products, peptides can help with minimising wrinkles and redness. They also boost collagen production, which in turn keeps skin plump and healthy. Due to their small size, peptides can penetrate much deeper into the skin and "trick" the skin into thinking that it needs to produce more collagen. Finally, peptides in skincare also work as a delivery system, enhancing the impact of other ingredients. Benefits: Attracts moisture to help smooth and hydrate skin, plumps skin to improve the look of fine lines and wrinkles, stimulates skin cells.

GLYCOLIC ACID - A popular type of alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), glycolic acid is available in a variety of formulas and concentrations to exfoliate and brighten skin. Dead skin cell build-up on the surface of your skin is what makes it look lackluster—exfoliate with a glycolic acid peel once a we...

GLYCOLIC ACID - A popular type of alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), glycolic acid is available in a variety of formulas and concentrations to exfoliate and brighten skin. Dead skin cell build-up on the surface of your skin is what makes it look lackluster—exfoliate with a glycolic acid peel once a week. Glycolic acid helps encourage collagen production, thicken skin (our skin thins as we age!), even out skin tone and whisks pesky dry flakes away for an instant glow. Benefits: Helps treat pigmentation and dark spots, improves skin texture for a smoother look, minimises the look of fine lines and wrinkles.

SALICYLIC ACID - Otherwise known as beta hydroxy acid (BHA), salicylic acid is a multi-functional exfoliating skin treatment. Benefits: Exfoliates and stimulates collagen production, antibacterial properties to treat and prevent acne, anti-irritant properties treat rosacea, acne and inflammation.

RETINOL - The undisputed champion ingredient in anti-ageing skincare, retinol is a skin-friendly version of Vitamin A. Also known as Vitamin A, retinol helps increase skin cell turnover. This addresses multiple, skincare concerns like wrinkles, uneven skin tone, clogged pores and blemish marks. Retinols are best used at night as it increases sun sensitivity. Always remember to use a sunscreen in the morning! Benefits: Antioxidant that protects skin from environmental damage, stimulates skin cell turnover for softer, smoother-looking skin, helps improve look of fine lines and wrinkles.

CERAMIDES - Ceramides are lipid molecules that keep skin cells together, so that they can retain elasticity and moisture better. Ageing and other environmental factors can diminish skin's lipid levels, causing it to sag and form wrinkles. Skincare products with ceramides work by restoring the moisture balance and protecting the skin from damaging external factors.

COLLAGEN - A protein commonly found in animal and marine life, collagen is an excellent ingredient to protect skin from moisture loss. Benefits: Binds hydrating ingredients to increase moisture, plumps skin to appear firmer and smoother, gentle and non-irritating for all skin types.

FERMENTS - A cornerstone ingredient of K-beauty skincare routines, ferments include a bounty of nutrients, including probiotics, vitamins, minerals, beneficial enzymes and more. Benefits: Brightens skin, helps fight fine lines and wrinkles, firms and tones skin.

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